|Andhra Pradesh is served by more than 25 major institutes
of higher education. All major arts, humanities, science, engineering,
law, medicine, business and veterinary science are offered, leading
to first degrees as well as postgraduate awards. Advanced research
is conducted in all major areas.
Andhra Pradesh has more than 2000 arts, science and commerce colleges;
about 1000 MBA and MCA colleges; 500 engineering colleges; and 53
medical colleges. The student to teacher ratio is 19:1 in higher
education. According to the 2001 census, Andhra Pradesh has an overall
literacy rate of 60.5%. While the male literacy rate is at 70.3%,
the female literacy rate is only at 50.4%, a cause for concern.
The state has recently made strides in setting up several institutes.
Andhra Pradesh is home to the prestigious National Institute of
Technology NIT Warangal, Birla Institute of Technology and Science,
(BITS Pilani Hyderabad Campus) and IIT Hyderabad. International
Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H), University
of Hyderabad(Hyderabad Central University) and the Indian School
of Business (ISB) are gaining national attention for their standards.
The National Institute of Fashion Technology and The Institute of
Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition (NIFT)
are also located in Hyderabad. The prestigious Osmania University
is situated in Hyderabad.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has the distinction of establishing
the first University of Health Sciences fulfilling the recommendations
of several committees.Thus the “Dr. NTR University of Health
Sciences” was established by the Act.No. 6 of the Andhra Pradesh
legislature and was inaugurated on 9-4-1986 by the late Sri N.T.
Rama Rao, the then Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.The University
of Health Sciences started functioning at Vijayawada from 01-11-1986.
After the death of its founder Sri N.T. Rama Rao the University
was named after him as NTR University of Health Sciences.