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Telugu Literature


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Telegu Literature

The Telugu Literature is one of the oldest Literature of India, which has a rich reserve of stories, dramas, epics and poems. The Telugu literature is a vast store house of literary products by eminent personalities from the field of literature. The Telugu literature is one of the most prized possessions of the literary products of India. The eloquently written poems, short stories, epics and dramas only highlight the rich creative and artistic imagination of the Telugu authors.

Telugu literature can be divided into six periods:
Pre – 1020 CE Pre-Nannayya period
1020–1400 Age of the Puranas
1400–1510 Age of Srinatha
1510–1600 Age of the Prabandhas
1600–1820 Southern period
1820 to date Modern period

In the earliest period there were only inscriptions from 575 AD onwards. Nannaya's (1022-1063) translation of the Sanskrit Mahabharata into Telugu is the piece of Telugu literature as yet discovered. After the death of Nannaya, there was a kind of social and religious revolution in the Telugu country. Tikkana (13th century) and Yerrapregada (14th century) continued the translation of the Mahabharata started by Nannaya.

Telugu poetry is flourished after 15th century, especially in the time of Srinatha. During this period, some Telugu poets translated Sanskrit poems and dramas, while others attempted original narrative poems. The popular Telugu literary form called the Prabandha evolved during this period. Many scientific works like Ganitasarasangrahamu by Pavuluri Mallana and Prakirnaganitamu by Eluganti Peddana are written in 12th century in Telugu. Srinatha (1365-1441) was the foremost poet, who popularised this style of composition (a story in verse having a tight metrical scheme). Srinatha's Sringara Naishadham is particularly well-known. Potana’s Dasamaskandham, Jakkana’s Vikramarka Charitra and Talapaka Timmakka’s Subhadra Kalyanam. Literary activities flourished, during the rule of Vijayanagara dynasty. Krishnadevaraya’ s time (16th century) is considered the golden age in the history of Telugu literature.

Tyagaraja (1767–1847) of Tanjore composed devotional songs in Telugu, which form a big part of the repertoire of Carnatic music. After that Telugu literature entered a lull. In 18th century an Englishman called Charles Philip Brown played an important role in the re-development of Telugu literature. Telugu literature after Kandukuri Veeresalingam is termed modern literature. Known as Gadya Tikkana, Satyavathi Charitam was the author Telugu-language social novel, Satyavathi Charitam. Other modern writers include Jnanpith Award winners Sri Viswanatha Satya Narayana and Dr. C. Narayana Reddy. The Andhra Pradesh native and revolutionary poet Sri Sri brought new forms of expressionism into Telugu literature.

 

Famous Telugu Authors and Works

Arudra -- Samagraandhra Saahithyamu (The Complete Telugu Literature)
Abburi Varada Rajeswara Rao (1923-1993) --Varadakaalam
Adavi Baapiraju --Gona Gannareddy, Naarayanarao, Thuphaanu (The storm), Amshumathi
Alakki Bhaskarudu --Bhaskara Satakamu
Ajanta --Penumarti Viswanatha Sastry
Allasani Peddana --Manu charithra (The History of Swarochisha Manu)
Aathreya --NGO, Kappalu
Adrusta Deepak --Agni, Adavi
Bhimasankaram,V.L.S --Rasasruvu, Sivaananda Mandahaasam (about 4000 Dwipadas), Sri Raama Nee Naama Memi Ruchira
Atukuri Molla --Molla Ramayanam
Bammera Pothana --Bhagavatha Purana
Buchchibabu --Chivaraku migiledi (My favorite book in Telugu)
Balivada Kantha Rao (1927-2000) --Balivada Kantha Rao Kathalu(Winner of the Kendriya Sahitya Academy Award)
Boyi Bhimanna --Gudiselu Kaalipothunnaayi
C. Narayana Reddy --Vishwambhara
Bhamidipati RamaGopalam --Aarama Gopalam
Cha So (1915-1993) --Bondu Mallelu, Chinnaji, Dummalagondi, Kukkuteshwaram, Kunkudaaku, Oohaa voorvasi
Chemakura Venkata Kavi --Vijaya Vilaasamu
Duvvuri Venkata Ramana Sastri --Ramaniyam
Duggirala Balarama Krishnayya --Buddha Puranam,Manava Jivitam,and many others.
Chalam --Chithraangi, Shashireka, Aruna, Maidhaanam, Saavithri, Janaki, Ameena, Brahmaneekam, Musings
Chilakamarti Lakshmi Narasimham --Gayopaakhyaanam
Daasaradhi Rangacharyulu --Chillara Devullu, Tirumalakonda Pada Chitralu
Devarakonda Balagangadhara Tilak --Tilak Kathalu, Amrutam Kurisina Raatri
Dhurjati --Srikaalahasteesvara Satakam
Duvvoori Ramireddy --Paanasaala, Krusheevaludu
Devulapalli Krishna Sastri --Krishna Pakshamu
Gadiyaaram Venkatasesha Sastri --Sivabhaaratham
Gona Buddha Reddy --Ranganaatha Raamaayanamu
Gurajada Apparao --Kanyaasulkamu
Gurram Jashuva--Gabbilamu, Phiradousi
Kaethana --Dasakumaara charithra
Kaloji --Naa Godava, Idee Naa Godava
Kandukuri Veeresalingam --Andhrakavula Charithra, Raajasekhara Charithra
Kasula Purushottama Kavi --Andhranayaka Satakamu
Kavitrayam (Nannayya, Tikkana, Yerrapragada) --Andhra Mahaabhaarathamu (The great Mahabharatha in Telugu)
Kethu Viswanathareddy --Kethu Viswanathareddy Kathalu
Ko Ku --Chaduvu
Kotha Satyanarayana Chowdary --Dharma Saastram, Vaidika Vaagmaya Charitra, Khandanam, Vasantasena
Kotikalapudi Seetamma --Ahalyabai, Sadhuraksha Satakamu, Bhaktimargamu, Satidharmamu
Koochimanchi Timmana --Rukmini Parinayamu
Leelavati --Leelavati Ganithamu
Maarana --Maarkandaeya puraanamu
Madhurantakam Rajaram --Halikulu Kushalama
Mokkapati Narasimha Sastry --Barrister Parvateesam
Muddupalani --Radhika Santvanamu
Mullapudi Venkata Ramana --Budugu, Girisam malli puttadu
Muppala Ranganayakamma --Raamayana vishavrksham, Krishnaveni, Sweet Home, Janaki Vimukthi, Ammaki Adivaram Leda
Nandoori Subbarao --Yenki paatalu
Nanne Choadudu --Kumaara Sambhavamu
Nidumolu Prasuna --Saketa Savabhouma , Andina Chivullu, Tyaganirathi (philosophical essays & short stories)
Nayani Krishnakumari --Telugu geya vanjmayam, Agniputri, Kashmira deepakalika
Palagummi Padmaraju --Bathikina collegee
Palkuriki Somanaathudu --Basava puraanamu
Panuganti Lakshmi Narasimham --Saakshi (The witness)
Paravasthu Chinnayasuri --Baalavyaakaranamu, neethi chandrika
Patanjali K.N.Y --Kakhivanam, Gopathrudu, Patanjali Bhashyam, Veerabobbili, Rajula Logillu, Choopunna Pata, Veta Kathalu.
Pingali Soorana --Kalaa Purnodhayamu
Potuluri Virabrahmendra Swami -- Kalagnanam
Rachakonda Viswanathasastri --Alpajeevi
Ramaraaja Bhooshanudu --Vasu charithra
Sudheer Vemuru --The Greatest Man on the Planet
Rangajamma --Mannaru Dasavilasamau
Ravuri Bharadwaja --Paakudu raallu
Raayaprolu Subbarao --Jada kuchchulu, Ramyaaloakam
Sankaramanchi Satyam --Amaravati Kathalu (The stories from Amaravati)
Sri Krishna Deva Raya --Aamukta Maalyadha
Sripaada Subrahmanyasastri --Anubhavaalu Gnaapakaalu
Sri Sri --Mahaaprasthaanamu, Kadga Srushti
Sri K Sabha --Vishwarupa Sandarsanam, Vedabhoomi, Mogili, Pathalaganga
Srinatha --Haravilaasamu, Kaasikhandamu, Bhimakhandamu, Palnaati veeracharithra, Srngaara naishadhamu
Srimattirumala Gudimalla Varadaacharyulu --Sumati satakam ,dasaradhisatakam in Sanskrit
Suravaram Pratapareddy --Aandhrula Saanghika Charithra
Tallapaka Annamacharya (1424-1503) --Annamacharya Keertanalu
Tallapaka Timmakka --Subhadrakalyanam
Thapi Dharma Rao Naidu -- Rallu-Rappalu, Devalayala Meeda Bhutu Bommalenduku, Pelli- Dani Puttupurvotharalu.
Tarigonda Venkamamba --Venkatachala Mahatmyamu, Vasista Ramamyanamu, Rajayogasaramu, Bhagavatamu, Krishnamanjari
Tenali Ramakrishna --Paanduranga maahaatmyamu
Tenneti Hemalata --Raktapankam, 'Mohanavamsi--, Omar Khayyam
Thummala Seetaraamamoorthy --Baapu aathmakadha, Rashtra gaanamu
Tikkana --Nirvachanoththara Raamayanamu -
Timmana --Paarijaathaapaharanamu
Tirumala Ramachandra --Hampi Nunchi Harrapa Dhaka
Tirupati Venkata Kavulu --Paandavodyoga vijayamulu, Devi bhaagavatham
Tirumalamba --Varadambica parinayamu
Tripuranaeni Gopichand --Merupula Marakalu
Tripuraneni Ramaswamy Choudhury --Suthapuranamu, Karempudi kadanam, Kurukshetra Sangramam, Kondaveeti pathanam
Turaga Krishna Mohan Rao --Pendli Pareeksha, Maata Kacheri
Turaga Janaki Rani --Erragulabeelu, Janki Rani Kathalu, Maa Taatayya Chalam, Navvani Puvvu, Ee Desam Oka Himalayam, Veyabovani Talupu, Snagharshana, Cheta Kaani Nati, Nee Jeevitam Naaku Kaavali
Ushasri --Sundarakanda
Unnava Lakshminaarayana --Maala pilla
Vattikota Alwaru Swami --Prajala Manishi, Gangu
Viswanatha Satyanarayana --Cheliyalikatta, Kalpavrukshamu, Kinnerasaani Paatalu, Srimadraamaayana kalpavrkshamu, Swargaaniki Nichchenalu, Vaeyipadagalu, Ekaveera, naa ramudu, nepala rajavamsa kadhalu
Vemana --Vemana Satakam
Volga --Swetcha
Yandamuri Veerendranath-- Vennello aadapilla, Marana Mrudangam, Aanando Brahma, Tulasi Dalam, Ashta Vakra, Prarthana ,Swara Bethalam, Prema, Rendu Gundela Chappudu, Graphlogy.
Yerrapragada --Harivansamu, Nrusimhapuranam, half of the Aranya Parva of MahaBharat
Yetukuri Venkata Narasayya --Maguva Maanchaala
 
 
Telugu person of the day
Vemana

Vemana
(Vema Reddy) was a 14th century Telugu poet. His poems were written in the popular vernacular of Telugu, and are known for their use of simple language and native idioms.

 
 
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